The new Act on Government Employees came into force this summer and replaced the Civil Service Act of 1983. In many areas the new act implements a harmonization with the provisions of the Working Environment Act.
Some of the most discussed changes in the Government Employees Act apply to the rules of employment and determination. The state’s access to temporary employment has been restricted. The distinction between officials with more or less than two years of service is no longer decisive for the access to terminate an official because of the official’s own circumstances. In addition, a new provision of statutory basis has been introduced in order to terminate an official because of the official’s own circumstances.
Criticism has been raised against these changes because they may be suitable for reducing the strong employment protection of state employees. The bill, however, was based on the fact that it takes care of the distinctive needs of the State while at the same time providing a framework adapted to the State’s need to readjust and change. Nevertheless, the new law continues most of the current law under the Civil Service Act, and the employees of the State will continue to have stronger rights than those that apply elsewhere in the working life even with the mentioned statutory changes.